What is Bismuth subnitrate for diarrhea?
Bismuth subnitrate is a medication commonly utilized in the management of diarrhea due to its unique mechanism of action and protective properties on the mucous membrane surface. Its therapeutic efficacy stems from its convergence action, which involves multiple facets of addressing the underlying causes of diarrhea.
The primary mechanism of action of bismuth subnitrate involves its ability to protect and reinforce the mucous membrane lining of the gastrointestinal tract. By forming a protective barrier on the mucous membrane surface, it helps reduce the vulnerability of the gut to irritants and pathogens. This protective action aids in diminishing the severity of diarrhea and provides relief to individuals suffering from this condition.
Furthermore, bismuth subnitrate exhibits an additional beneficial effect by binding with hydrogen sulfide, a gas produced as a result of enteric abnormal fermentation within the gastrointestinal tract. By reducing the levels of hydrogen sulfide, bismuth subnitrate helps mitigate the irritation caused by intestinal gas. This reduction in irritation contributes to an overall improvement in the symptoms associated with diarrhea.
The effectiveness of bismuth subnitrate in treating diarrhea is well-documented, and it is often recommended by healthcare professionals for its ability to address both the symptoms and underlying causes of diarrhea.
Active principles: bismuth subnitrate
Amount: 500 g
Maker: Nichi-Iko Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Toyama, Japan
How to take
Adults should take 2 g of the active principle a day, dividing this amount into 2-3 times. Your doctor may adjust the dosage according to your age and symptoms.
Contraindications: do not use for the following patients:
- patients with chronic gastrointestinal obstruction,
- patients with peptic ulcer,
- patients with hemorrhagic colitis,
- patients with bacterial diarrhea,
- pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Patient's stool may temporarily turn black while taking this medicine.
If an allergic reaction occurs, patient needs to stop using the medicine and consult with their doctor. If patient is taking any other medication or treatment, they should consult with their doctor in advance.